How Did The Eastern And Western Churches View Religious Authority Differently?

Which is older Catholic or Orthodox?

Most early Christian clergy recognised the primacy and prominence of Rome, where the Pope resided.

Therefore the Catholic Church is the oldest of all.

Indian Orthodox church is not exactly (Eastern) Orthodox, which are doctrinally very close to Catholics..

How did the role of priests affect the split between the Eastern and Western churches?

how did the role of priests affect the split between the eastern and western churches? … church leaders could not agree whether priests should believe in more than one god. church leaders could not agree whether priests should question the divinity of jesus.

What are three causes of the great schism in Christianity?

From the […] The Great Schism is an event that splits Chalcedonian Christianity into Catholic and Orthodox. There are two different events that can cause the Schism to happen. Causes of the schism included political, cultural, economic, and social as well as theological differences that originated before 1000.

What is the difference between Eastern and Oriental Orthodox Churches?

The primary theological difference between the two communions is the differing Christology. … Oriental Orthodoxy does not have a magisterial leader like the Roman Catholic Church, nor does the communion have a leader who can convene ecumenical synods like the Eastern Orthodox Church.

What was the most fundamental issue dividing the Eastern and Western churches?

The schism was the culmination of theological and political differences which had developed during the preceding centuries between Eastern and Western Christianity. A succession of ecclesiastical differences and theological disputes between the Greek East and Latin West pre-dated the formal split that occurred in 1054.

What caused the East West Schism?

The primary causes of the Schism were disputes over papal authority—the Pope claimed he held authority over the four Eastern Greek-speaking patriarchs, and over the insertion of the filioque clause into the Nicene Creed.

Can you be both Catholic and Orthodox?

Most Orthodox Churches allow marriages between members of the Catholic Church and the Orthodox Church. … Because the Catholic Church respects their celebration of the Mass as a true sacrament, intercommunion with the Eastern Orthodox in “suitable circumstances and with Church authority” is both possible and encouraged.

How did the Eastern and Western churches differ?

The Western Church decided to stay under the ruling of the pope, unlike the Eastern Church. … Before the schism the Church used to believe in the same moral code or sacraments but the Eastern Orthodox Church changed and no longer has the same requirements as the Roman Catholic Church.

What different views of the role of the church in government did the Eastern and Western have?

The different views of the role of church in the government that the Eastern and Western churches had were that at the Eastern church the emperor controlled both church and government.

What are two differences between the Eastern and Roman churches?

One difference between the two is language. The Eastern Orthodox Church spoke Greek, while the Roman Catholic Church spoke Latin. In the Orthodox church, you could get married if you wished to. In the Catholic church, the priest could not.

Why did Christianity split into eastern and western branches?

The Great Schism came about due to a complex mix of religious disagreements and political conflicts. One of the many religious disagreements between the western (Roman) and eastern (Byzantine) branches of the church had to do with whether or not it was acceptable to use unleavened bread for the sacrament of communion.

What is the major difference between the Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic churches?

The Catholic Church believes the pope to be infallible in matters of doctrine. Orthodox believers reject the infallibility of the pope and consider their own patriarchs, too, as human and thus subject to error.

Does the Eastern Orthodox Church believe in the Trinity?

Eastern Orthodox Christians believe in a single God who is both three and one (triune); the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, “one in essence and undivided”. The Holy Trinity is three “unconfused” and distinct divine persons (hypostases), who share one divine essence (ousia); uncreated, immaterial and eternal.

What are the major differences between Eastern Orthodox and Western Christianity?

While worshiping, the Western Church promotes kneeling position in prayer while Eastern Orthodox places of worship have normally standing followers. Unleavened bread (made without yeast) is utilized as a part of Roman church customs, while the Orthodox Church utilizes leavened bread.

What are the three branches of the Catholic Church?

Heresies are not only tolerated and publicly preached from the pulpits, and the schismatical and heretical Church of Rome is by a great many fondled and looked up to, but a theory has sprung up, the so called Branch-Church theory, maintaining that the Catholic Church consists of three branches: the Roman, Greek, and …